Directory Replica#


Before attempting to install the Directory Replica Role, please read carefully the whole procedure in this page and make sure all the following requirements are satisfied.

  • A Carbonio infrastructure is already operating correctly

  • A new Node is available, on which to install the Replica, which satisfies the Requirements and on which the Preliminary Tasks have already been executed


    You can also install the Replica on an existent Node, but not on the same Node which features the Primary Directory Role.

  • Pay attention that some commands must be executed as the zextras user, while other as the root user

  • Give the new node a meaningful name/FQDN. We will use whenever necessary. Remember to replace it with the name you give.

  • Have CLI access to the Main and Replica, as you need to execute commands on both servers


The installation requires to execute install this package on the Node on which you plan to install the Directory Replica Role.

# apt install carbonio-directory-server


Configuring the Directory Replica server requires a few steps. Make sure to execute the commands on the Master or Replica, as shown in each step description.

Step 1: Activate replica on Master

Activate the replica by executing as the root user

# /opt/zextras/libexec/zmldapenablereplica
Step 2: Retrieve passwords on Master

Retrieve the passwords that you will need on the Directory Replica, using the zextras user

zextras$ zmlocalconfig -s zimbra_ldap_password


In case you have changed the passwords of the other LDAP services (replication, postfix, amavis, and nginx), retrieve also the following passwords, using zmlocalconfig: ldap_replication_password, ldap_postfix_password ldap_amavis_password`, ldap_nginx_password.

Step 3: Bootstrap Carbonio on Directory Replica

You need to configure a number of options to successfully bootstrap Carbonio: they are listed in the next step. First, start the process by running as the root user

# carbonio-bootstrap
Step 4: Configure the Directory Replica

You will asked to properly configure a couple of options in the Common configuration and Ldap configuration menus. In the first menu, provide these values:

Ldap configuration

   1) Hostname: The hostname of the Director Replica Node.
   2) Ldap master host: The hostname of the Mesh and Directory Node
   3) Ldap port: 389
   4) Ldap Admin password: The zimbra_ldap_password

Exit this menu and go to the second:

Ldap configuration

   1) Status: Enabled
   2) Create Domain: do not change
   3) Domain to create:
   4) Ldap root password: The zimbra_ldap_password
   5) Ldap replication password: The zimbra_ldap_password
   6) Ldap postfix password: The zimbra_ldap_password
   7) Ldap amavis password: The zimbra_ldap_password
   8) Ldap nginx password: The zimbra_ldap_password


If on the Mesh and Directory Node you configured different password than zimbra_ldap_password for 5), 6), 7), and 8), make sure you provide the correct passwords.

Step 5: Complete the installation

You can now continue the bootstrap process and after a while the installation will be successfully completed and immediately after, the Mesh and Directory’s data will be copied over to the Directory Replica on the new Node.


In order to test whether the Directory Replica works correctly after the installation was completed successfully, you can make a quick test as follows.

  1. Log in to the Mesh and Directory Node and create a test user with a password

    zextras$ carbonio prov ca MySecretPassword
  2. Log in to the Directory Replica and check that all accounts have been copied over from the Mesh and Directory:

    zextras$ carbonio prov -l gaa

    Among the results, the must be present.


    You can pipe the previous command to grep to check only the new account (or any given account): carbonio prov -l gaa | grep ""

  3. On the Directory Replica, execute command

    zextras$ /opt/zextras/libexec/zmreplchk

    If everything is working correctly, the output of the command will be similar to:

    Replica: ldap:// Code: 0 Status: In Sync CSNs:

Set up Directory Replica to Answer Queries#

It is now time to configure the Directory Replica to answer queries: this requires to reconfigure the value of the ldap_url parameter and let it point to the Directory Replica. You can achieve this set up with a few commands on the Mesh and Directory.

  1. Stop all Carbonio services

    zextras$ zmcontrol stop
  2. Update the value of ldap_url.

    zextras$ zmlocalconfig -e \
      ldap_url="ldap:// \

    Note is the FQDN of the node which installs the Mesh and Directory Role

    If you plan to install multiple Directory Replicas, you can install all of them and then execute the above-mentioned command once for all Replicas, making sure that their hostnames precede the Mesh and Directory hostname. For example, provided you installed two Replica Directory Servers on and ldap://, execute:

    zextras$ zmlocalconfig -e \
      ldap_url="ldap:// \
      ldap:// \

    The Directory Replica instance to query first is the first listed in the command.

Uninstall a Directory Replica#

To remove a Directory Replica, you need to carry out two tasks:

  1. On each node of the installation, execute the following command

    zextras$ zmlocalconfig -e ldap_url="ldap://"

    In case you had configured multiple Directory Replicas, the above command will redirect all queries to the Mesh and Directory Node. If you want to remove only some of the Directory Replicas, list all hostnames except the one you want to remove. For example, to remove ldap://, use the command

    zextras$ zmlocalconfig -e \
      ldap_url="ldap:// \
  2. Execute, only on the MTA node the command

    # /opt/zextras/libexec/zmmtainit

    This command will update the configuration of postfix with new ldap_url.